Crazy Horse Surrenders

On May 6, 1877, Crazy Horse and nearly 900 Sioux and Cheyenne followers came into Fort Robinson, Nebraska, near present-day Crawford.  On the edge of starvation, they gave up.

Crazy Horse’s surrender meant that the northern plains Indian wars had come to an end. For history, it was an epochal moment. For a people, it was a sad collapse of a proud way of life.

Read more about this complex story online.

“War or Peace: The Anxious Wait for Crazy Horse,” by Oliver Knight, Nebraska History 54 (1973): 521-544.

This noble Moses P. Kinkaid

On April 28, 1904, President Theodore Roosevelt signed a bill sponsored by Moses P. Kinkaid of O’Neill, which allowed homesteaders to claim 640 acres of land in certain parts of western Nebraska where smaller farms were impractical. Most of the new farmers, called Kinkaiders, had higher hopes than they ever had profits. “The Kinkaider Comes and Goes,” the title of a 1930 article by Mari Sandoz, telegraphs the end of the story. Still, the Kinkaid Act brought many people and and some permanent settlement to the Sandhills.

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