John William Williamson [RG2710.AM]

HISTORY NEBRASKA MANUSCRIPT FINDING AID

RG2710.AM:  John William Williamson, 1850-1927

Papers:  1903, 1921-1926
Genoa, Nance County, Nebraska:  Sub-agent of the Pawnee
Size:  1 reel of microfilm and 1 folder

BACKGROUND NOTE

John W. Williamson was born at Delavan, Wisconsin, on June 28, 1850.  He came to Nebraska in 1871 and filed a homestead claim in Boone County.  He worked for the U.S. Government on the Pawnee Indian Reservation, teaching farming practices.  In 1874 Williamson accompanied the Pawnee on their move to Indian Territory.  He was with the Pawnee when they encountered a group of Sioux Indians on August 5, 1873.  This encounter became known as the Battle of Massacre Canyon.

Williamson married Carrie Atwood on April 25, 1874, and the couple would have four children.  The Williamsons eventually moved to Genoa, Nance County, where John worked at the Genoa Indian School.  In 1922 Williamson authored the book, The Battle of Massacre Canyon.  John W. Williamson died in 1927 and is buried in Valley View Cemetery at Genoa.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

This collection consists of one reel of microfilm containing fourteen manuscripts arranged in three series:  1) Autobiography and reminiscences; 2) Pawnee Indians; and 3) Nance County history.  The material in this collection relates to the Battle of Massacre Canyon, to the history, customs and folklore of the Pawnee, and to the early history of Genoa and Nance County, Nebraska.  The materials were loaned for microfilming by the Williamson family in 1965.

Also included is one folder containing a newspaper clipping from 1903 about the moving of the Pawnee to Indian Territory, and several pieces of correspondence between John W. Williamson, David Gillingham, and A.E. Sheldon of the Nebraska State Historical Society.  The correspondence mostly relates to Williamson’s time with the Pawnee and efforts to get photographs of certain members of the tribe.

Note:  See the photo component [RG2710.PH] for related images.  See the library for a copy of Williamson’s The Battle of Massacre Canyon [970.1 W67].

INVENTORY

Reel 1
Series 1 - Autobiography and reminiscences

Autobiography, handwritten, 99 pp., incomplete
Untitled reminiscence, handwritten, 12 pp.
Untitled reminiscence, handwritten, 6 pp.

Series 2 - Pawnee Indians

"The Story of the Pawnee's Removal South," typewritten, 42 pp.
"A History of the Pawnee Indians," typewritten, 33 pp.
"An Indian Legend," typewritten, 3 pp., January 1924
"An Animal Story," typewritten, 3 pp., February 1924
"The Pawnee Legend of the Leap at Fullerton, Nebraska," typewritten, 4 pp., April 10, 1926
"Pawnee Tale:  A Folk Tale of the Leap...," handwritten, 2 pp.
Untitled Pawnee legend, handwritten, 4 pp.

Series 3 - Nance County History

"History of Nance County," typewritten, 9 pp.
"Bridge Trouble," typewritten, 2 pp.
"The Indian School," typewritten, 2 pp.
"The Early History of Genoa," typewritten, 3 pp.

Folder

Correspondence, 1921-1923
Newspaper clipping, 1903

 

Subject headings:

Genoa (Nebraska) -- History
Indians of North America -- Culture
Indians of North America -- Legends
Indians of North America -- Wars
Nance County (Nebraska) -- History
Pawnee Indians -- History
Pawnee Indians -- Legends
Williamson, John William, 1850-1927

 

LW/cs                   03-19-1965
Revised TMM      05-15-2019

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