Albert W. Crandall, 1849-1939 [RG1634.AM]


RG1634.AM:  Albert W. Crandall, 1849-1939

Diaries:  1898-1939

Winnetoon and Niobrara, Knox County, Nebraska:  County Sheriff and farmer

Size:  27 volumes on 4 reels of microfilm


A.W. (Albert) Crandall was born in Bremen, Illinois, on December 14, 1849. He married Mary Ann Stokes on December 23, 1873. The Crandalls had nine children, two of whom died in infancy. The Crandall family arrived in Nebraska in October of 1884 and settled on a farm four miles southwest of Winnetoon. They moved to Niobrara in 1898, where A.W. Crandall served as county sheriff for four years. The family returned to the farm in 1902. From 1914 until his death on October 8, 1939, Crandall lived in the town of Winnetoon. At the time of his death, A.W. Crandall was Knox County’s oldest resident.


This collection consists of twenty-seven diaries dating from 1898-1939. Twenty-four of the diaries were kept by A.W. Crandall. The other three diaries were written by his wife, Mary.

The diaries relate to the lives led by the Crandall family in Knox County over a forty-year span. Beginning with intermittent entries from the early years, the A.W. Crandall diaries contain daily entries beginning in 1914. Typical entries comment on the weather, local and family news, farm tasks, money received and expended for produce and animals, personal expenses, elections, World War I news, recipes, and trips taken. Most of the diaries also include separate accounting records for the year.

The first volume was kept by Mary Crandall while her husband served as county sheriff. It includes a listing of prisoners committed to the county jail during 1898-1901. Mary would provide meals to the prisoners and collect payment from the County, based on the records she made in this volume. The other two Mary Crandall diaries, 1918 (Vol. 5) and 1929 and 1932 (Vol. 17), complement her husband’s volumes by providing a picture of her domestic chores.

Note: The original diaries are not in the History Nebraska collections. Only microfilm copies are available.


Reel 1


    1. Mary Crandall: 1898-1901, records of inmates fed; 1903-1930, accounts; 1925-1931, personal expenses

    1. 1914; 1915-1920, Account records

    1. 1917

    1. 1918

    1. Mary Crandall: 1918 [note: filming begins with the first entry at page 40]

    1. 1919

    1. 1920

Reel 2


    1. 1921

    1. 1922

    1. 1923

    1. 1924

    1. 1925

    1. 1926

Reel 3


    1. 1927

    1. 1928

    1. 1929

    1. Mary Crandall: 1929, 1932 [note: pp. 370-373 and 376-387 are blank.]

    1. 1930

    1. 1931

    1. 1932 [note: Oct. 14-15, 1932 were missed during the initial filming. Retakes of these entries are at the end of Reel 3.]

Reel 4


    1. 1933

    1. 1934

    1. 1935

    1. 1936

    1. 1937

    1. 1938

    1. 1939


Subject headings:

Country life — Nebraska

Crandall, Albert W., 1849-1939

Crandall, Mary Ann Stokes

Knox County (Nebraska) — History

Niobrara (Nebraska) — History

Sheriffs — Nebraska

Winnetoon (Nebraska) — History


AIP/ksa/kfk              03-1995

Revised kfk             03-12-2004

Revised TMM        05-17-2007

Acc. 1995.0073; 1995.0074; 1995.0075; 1995.0076

Become a Member!

Our members make history happen.

Join Now

You May Also Enjoy

Marker Monday: Nebraska’s Big Rodeo

Marker Monday: Nebraska’s Big Rodeo

Making Rain

Making Rain

How pioneer trails shaped Omaha streets

How pioneer trails shaped Omaha streets

About History Nebraska
History Nebraska was founded in 1878 as the Nebraska State Historical Society by citizens who recognized Nebraska was going through great changes and they sought to record the stories of both indigenous and immigrant peoples. It was designated a state institution and began receiving funds from the legislature in 1883. Legislation in 1994 changed History Nebraska from a state institution to a state agency. The division is headed by Interim Director and CEO Jill Dolberg. They are assisted by an administrative staff responsible for financial and personnel functions, museum store services, security, and facilities maintenance for History Nebraska.
Explore Nebraska
Discover the real places and people of our past at these History Nebraska sites.

Upcoming Events

View our new and upcoming events to see how you can get involved.

Become a Member

The work we do to discover, preserve, and share Nebraska's history wouldn't be possible without the support of History Nebraska members.

History Nebraska Education

Learn more about the educational programs provided at our museums, sites, and online.

Education Digital Learning Resources

Find games, lists, and more to enhance your history education curriculum.

History Nebraska Programs

Learn more about the programs associated with History Nebraska.

Latest Hall of Fame Inductee

The Nebraska Hall of Fame was established in 1961 to officially recognize prominent Nebraskans.

Listen to our Podcast

Listen to the articles and authors published in the Nebraska History Magazine with our new Nebraska History Podcast!

Nebraska Collections

History Nebraska's mission is to collect, preserve, and open our shared history to all Nebraskans.

Our YouTube Video Collection

Get a closer look at Nebraska's history through your own eyes, with our extensive video collections.

Additional Research Resources

History Nebraska Research and Reference Services help connect you to the material we collect and preserve.

History Nebraska Services

Digital Resources

Find all of our digital resources, files, videos, and more, all in one easy-to-search page!

Support History Nebraska
Make a cash donation to help us acquire, preserve, and interpret Nebraska’s history. Gifts to History Nebraska help leave a legacy and may help your taxes, too! Support the work of History Nebraska by donating to the History Nebraska Foundation today.

Volunteers are the heroes of History Nebraska. So much history, so little time! Your work helps us share access to Nebraska’s stories at our museums and sites, the reference room, and online.