October 29, 2022

Daniel Benjamin Cleghorn [RG2980.AM]


RG2980.AM:  Daniel Benjamin Cleghorn, 1827-1879

Papers:  1851-1879

Dakota Territory:  Freighter

Size:  0.25 cu.ft.; 1 box


Daniel Benjamin Cleghorn was born in New York state in 1827.  He fought in the Mexican War, and made the trip to California in 1849.  He may have operated a mill at McGregor, Iowa from 1857-1860, when he entered the freighting business.  Cleghorn served in Co. L., 3rd Regiment, Wisconsin Cavalry, from January 31, 1862 until 1865.  After the war, he remained at Fort Scott, Kansas where he had been stationed.  In the 1870s he moved his family to Dennison, Texas where he reopened his freighting business.  In 1877 he moved to the Dakota Territory, settling about three miles from Rapid City, South Dakota, at a place that came to be called Cleghorn Springs.  He died there in 1879.


This collection consists of one box of papers relating to Daniel Benjamin Cleghorn.  The collection contains a diary, scrapbook, biographical information and a sheet containing recipes for preparing liquors.  The diary in this collection relates to a freighting trip from McGregor, Iowa to Denver, Colorado.  Dates indicate that this trip was made in 1861.  Included with the diary is a typed transcript and a school essay about the diary.  The scrapbook dates from 1851 to 1879 and contains letters of reference, deeds, financial records, a small amount of correspondence, receipts, widow’s claim for a pension, a copy of a segment of a diary and some clippings.  The biographical information consists of a few short typed pages about Daniel Benjamin Cleghorn.  The last item is a page showing recipes for making various kinds of liquor.


Box 1


    1. Diary, 1861

      Diary transcript

      School essay, “Authentic Diary of Daniel Benjamin Cleghorn…”

    1. Scrapbook, 1851-1879

    1. Biographical information

    1. Recipes for making liquor


Subject headings:

Cleghorn, Daniel Benjamin, 1827-1879

Freight and freightage

Frontier and pioneer life

Great Plains — Description and travel

Overland journeys


HEK/jlc                  02-26-1966

Revised kfk             06-25-1996;  08-08-2003

Revised TMM        10-18-2018

Become a Member!

Our members make history happen.

Join Now

You May Also Enjoy

Why John G. Neihardt was named Nebraska Poet Laureate in 1921

Why John G. Neihardt was named Nebraska Poet Laureate in 1921

Emigrants along the Trails at Chimney Rock

Emigrants along the Trails at Chimney Rock

Marker Monday: Easter Blizzard of 1873

Marker Monday: Easter Blizzard of 1873

About History Nebraska
History Nebraska was founded in 1878 as the Nebraska State Historical Society by citizens who recognized Nebraska was going through great changes and they sought to record the stories of both indigenous and immigrant peoples. It was designated a state institution and began receiving funds from the legislature in 1883. Legislation in 1994 changed History Nebraska from a state institution to a state agency. The division is headed by Interim Director and CEO Jill Dolberg. They are assisted by an administrative staff responsible for financial and personnel functions, museum store services, security, and facilities maintenance for History Nebraska.
Explore Nebraska
Discover the real places and people of our past at these History Nebraska sites.

Upcoming Events

View our new and upcoming events to see how you can get involved.

Become a Member

The work we do to discover, preserve, and share Nebraska's history wouldn't be possible without the support of History Nebraska members.

History Nebraska Education

Learn more about the educational programs provided at our museums, sites, and online.

History Nebraska Programs

Learn more about the programs associated with History Nebraska.

Latest Hall of Fame Inductee

The Nebraska Hall of Fame was established in 1961 to officially recognize prominent Nebraskans.

Listen to our Podcast

Listen to the articles and authors published in the Nebraska History Magazine with our new Nebraska History Podcast!

Nebraska Collections

History Nebraska's mission is to collect, preserve, and open our shared history to all Nebraskans.

Our YouTube Video Collection

Get a closer look at Nebraska's history through your own eyes, with our extensive video collections.

Additional Research Resources

History Nebraska Research and Reference Services help connect you to the material we collect and preserve.

Support History Nebraska
Make a cash donation to help us acquire, preserve, and interpret Nebraska’s history. Gifts to History Nebraska help leave a legacy and may help your taxes, too! Support the work of History Nebraska by donating to the History Nebraska Foundation today.

Volunteers are the heroes of History Nebraska. So much history, so little time! Your work helps us share access to Nebraska’s stories at our museums and sites, the reference room, and online.