Joseph Armitage Paxson, 1842-1888 [RG2962.AM]

NEBRASKA STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY MANUSCRIPT FINDING AID



RG2962.AM:  Joseph Armitage Paxson, 1842-1888



Diary; research materials:  1869-1871

Bucks County, Penn.; Winnebago Indian Reservation, Neb.:  Physician

Size:  0.25 cu.ft. and 1 reel of microfilm



BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE



Joseph A. Paxson was born in 1842 in Solebury Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, on a farm which had been in the family since 1682. Paxson, rejected for military service in the Civil War, taught country school and studied medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. He received his medical degree in 1869 and was appointed physician to the Winnebago Indian Reservation. The assignment was in the area which had been allocated to the Society of Friends under President Grant’s short-lived Indian policy. After a year on the reservation, Paxson returned to Pennsylvania, took over a country medical practice, moved his family to Philadelphia in 1876 and engaged in business until his death in 1888.



SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE



This collection consists of materials relating to Dr. Joseph A. Paxson and his work at the Winnebago Indian Reservation. The collection is arranged in two series: 1) Diary, 1869-1870; and 2) Research materials gathered by Nebraska State Historical Society staff relating to Paxson.



The diary is a significant document relating to the history of the Winnebago Indians in Nebraska. Dr. Paxson was a discerning observer, and his diary furnishes important information regarding both the Indian service and life in northeastern Nebraska. The original diary is held by the Wisconsin Historical Society, donated by his son, Professor Frederick Logan Paxson, once curator of collections there. The microfilm was made for the Nebraska State Historical Society in 1939 with permission of his son. The diary was published in Nebraska History magazine, Vol. 27, No. 3, pg. 143+ and Vol. 27, No. 4, pg. 244+, edited by James L. Sellers.



The research materials contain transcripts of newspaper articles, mostly from the Bucks County Intelligencer, 1869-1871, relating to the Native Americans in Nebraska, the Winnebago in particular.



DESCRIPTION



Series 1 – Diary, 1869-1870



Reel 1

Diary, 1869-1870


Box 1

Folder

    1. Diary (photocopy), with letter and notes by editor James L Sellers

    1. Nebraska History magazine, parts I and II of the diary, with pencil notes by NSHS staff researcher, Eli Paul



Series 2 – Research materials




    1. Research materials

    1. Bucks County Intelligencer



 


ADDED ENTRIES:

Diaries

Indians of North America — Nebraska

Indians of North America — Reservations

Paxson, Joseph Armitage, 1842-1888

Physicians — Nebraska — Winnebago reservation

Winnebago Indians



 



DDS/pmc   01-12-1972

KFK   11-17-2000

Encoded TMM   02-15-2011

Become a Member!

Our members make history happen.

Join Now

You May Also Enjoy

How ‘Equality Before the Law’ became our state motto

How ‘Equality Before the Law’ became our state motto

Leap Year Once Viewed as Opportunity for Women

Leap Year Once Viewed as Opportunity for Women

Found at an Estate Sale: A Trophy from the Year Nebraska Banned Girls’ Basketball Tournaments

Found at an Estate Sale: A Trophy from the Year Nebraska Banned Girls’ Basketball Tournaments

About History Nebraska
History Nebraska was founded in 1878 as the Nebraska State Historical Society by citizens who recognized Nebraska was going through great changes and they sought to record the stories of both indigenous and immigrant peoples. It was designated a state institution and began receiving funds from the legislature in 1883. Legislation in 1994 changed History Nebraska from a state institution to a state agency. The division is headed by Interim Director and CEO Jill Dolberg. They are assisted by an administrative staff responsible for financial and personnel functions, museum store services, security, and facilities maintenance for History Nebraska.
Explore Nebraska
Discover the real places and people of our past at these History Nebraska sites.

Upcoming Events

View our new and upcoming events to see how you can get involved.

Become a Member

The work we do to discover, preserve, and share Nebraska's history wouldn't be possible without the support of History Nebraska members.

Latest Hall of Fame Inductee

The Nebraska Hall of Fame was established in 1961 to officially recognize prominent Nebraskans.

Listen to our Podcast

Listen to the articles and authors published in the Nebraska History Magazine with our new Nebraska History Podcast.

Nebraska Collections

History Nebraska's mission is to collect, preserve, and open our shared history to all Nebraskans.

Our YouTube Video Collection

Get a closer look at Nebraska's history through your own eyes, with our extensive video collections.

Additional Research Resources

History Nebraska Research and Reference Services help connect you to the material we collect and preserve.

Support History Nebraska
Make a cash donation to help us acquire, preserve, and interpret Nebraska’s history. Gifts to History Nebraska help leave a legacy and may help your taxes, too! Support the work of History Nebraska by donating to the History Nebraska Foundation today.

Volunteers are the heroes of History Nebraska. So much history, so little time! Your work helps us share access to Nebraska’s stories at our museums and sites, the reference room, and online.