Yuletide in Knox County

“The holidays passed off at this place very enjoyably considering the hard times,” the editor of the Niobrara Pioneer observed late in December, 1874. Pioneering in Nebraska in the 1870s was difficult at best; grasshopper depredations and the “Panic of ’73” made things doubly rough.

The bachelor proprietor of the paper skimped along with other Niobrarans. His little sheet, 4 columns by 4 or 8 pages, viewed the poverty of the times with good humor. Early in December he wrote, “Times are hard, but even the poorest have a notion to purchase for the holidays, if it be but a small article to present their friends. The notorious Santa Claus generally is looking to the wants of the little ones. And let us suggest that when the jolly old fellow makes his purchases to select such as are actually needed and not go to any outlay for trifles.”

As the season progressed, the Pioneer chronicled other events: “On Christmas eve there was a private party at Mr. Westerman’s, proprietor of the general store.” And on New Year’s Eve saloonkeeper Frank Janousek “amused his friends with lager beer, and late in the evening they amused him with shouts of laughter, bonfires before his saloon, shooting firearms, and going home on a shutter.”

At the Santee Reservation, where both the Congregationalists and the U. S. government operated schools, “Christmas passed off with more than the usual eclat. Three large trees for each of the schools, with accompanying presents for the children as well as some for the older, and a large amount of handshaking seemed to put all in good humor.”

Nearby at Creighton, family celebrations were the rule, save for a neighborhood party given by Mrs. Leighton and her brothers. New Year’s Eve was considerably more festive. George Bosse, proprietor of the Creighton Hotel was “mein host.” “Quite a party attended, and all danced to good music and partook of the sumptuous repast served up by Madam Bosse.”

On New Year’s Day, Mr. and Mrs. B. Davis threw a community party “with grand success as far as they could make it” in spite of disagreeable weather. After reporting these holiday happenings, the Pioneer editor himself went on a “holiday spree,” which consisted mainly of smoking a gift box of cigars in peace while skipping one edition of the paper.

1875 brought with it an immense improvement in circumstances for Knox Countians. The Pioneer published this Yuletide greeting: “A Merry Xmas to you all. A year ago it was not quite as easy to be merry. Hard times were staring us in the face and some, instead of wishing for presents, cried for bread. But times have changed. A bountiful harvest has blessed the farmer, a good trade has helped the merchant, and the consequence is that we shall all cry as did the Shepherds who watched their flocks by night, ‘Glad tidings and great joy, peace on earth, good will toward Men.'”

Become a Member!

Our members make history happen.

Join Now

Other Publications

The Bachelors’ Protective Union of Kearney

When the Bachelors' Protective Union gave a gala reception for two of its newly married, former members and their brides in March of 1890, the social club for young, ...

U.S. Weather Bureau in 1890s Nebraska

The U.S. Weather Bureau was established by an act of Congress on October 1, 1890. It took over the weather service that had been established in the office of the Chief ...

Canning the Way to Victory

During American participation in World War I the U.S. Food Administration, under the direction of Herbert Hoover, launched a massive campaign to persuade Americans to ...

The Shoemaker’s Ashes

"Edward Kuehl, one of the most peculiar characters that ever lived in Omaha, or anywhere else, was found dead in his bed last night in the back room of his place of ...

Crazy Horse Surrender Ledger Foreward

Red Dog, an Oglala Lakota who lived at the Red Cloud Agency, Nebraska, 1876-77 (Nebraska State Historical Society   In the summer of 1876, following the ...

Darryl F. Zanuck

Darryl F. Zanuck Darryl F. Zanuck (1902-1979), a native Nebraskan, produced some of Hollywood's most important and controversial films. He helped found 20th Century Fox ...

The Burlington’s Profitable Pork Special

Nebraska railroads were much concerned with developing an adequate economy in the areas they served. The Burlington, for example, had a long history of caring for the ...

Bungalow Filling Stations

After the giant Standard Oil Company was broken into thirty-four separate companies in 1911, the newly independent Standard Oil of Nebraska dominated the state's market ...

The Bull Fight

This is the perfect time of year for a visit to the old fishin' hole. But a group of fisherfolk from Plainview discovered that this bucolic pastime sometimes has ...

Buffalo Soldiers West

African-American soldiers on the western frontier are the focus of an exhibit at the Nebraska History Museum in Lincoln. Buffalo Soldiers West, on loan from the Colorado ...

Protection for Buffalo

The extermination of the buffalo on the Plains occurred largely between 1870 and 1885. The Nebraska State Journal of Lincoln on February 1, 1874, editorialized in vain ...

Buffalo Hunting

In late October 1877 young Rolf Johnson and three friends left their homes in Phelps County, Nebraska, for a buffalo hunt in northeastern Colorado. The hunt was not very ...
About History Nebraska
History Nebraska was founded in 1878 as the Nebraska State Historical Society by citizens who recognized Nebraska was going through great changes and they sought to record the stories of both indigenous and immigrant peoples. It was designated a state institution and began receiving funds from the legislature in 1883. Legislation in 1994 changed History Nebraska from a state institution to a state agency. The division is headed by Interim Director and CEO Jill Dolberg. They are assisted by an administrative staff responsible for financial and personnel functions, museum store services, security, and facilities maintenance for History Nebraska.
Explore Nebraska
Discover the real places and people of our past at these History Nebraska sites.

Upcoming Events

View our new and upcoming events to see how you can get involved.

Become a Member

The work we do to discover, preserve, and share Nebraska's history wouldn't be possible without the support of History Nebraska members.

Latest Hall of Fame Inductee

The Nebraska Hall of Fame was established in 1961 to officially recognize prominent Nebraskans.

Listen to our Podcast

Listen to the articles and authors published in the Nebraska History Magazine with our new Nebraska History Podcast.

Nebraska Collections

History Nebraska's mission is to collect, preserve, and open our shared history to all Nebraskans.

Our YouTube Video Collection

Get a closer look at Nebraska's history through your own eyes, with our extensive video collections.

Additional Research Resources

History Nebraska Research and Reference Services help connect you to the material we collect and preserve.

Support History Nebraska
Make a cash donation to help us acquire, preserve, and interpret Nebraska’s history. Gifts to History Nebraska help leave a legacy and may help your taxes, too! Support the work of History Nebraska by donating to the History Nebraska Foundation today.

Volunteers are the heroes of History Nebraska. So much history, so little time! Your work helps us share access to Nebraska’s stories at our museums and sites, the reference room, and online.