Rock Creek Ranch Fight: An Introduction

On July 12, 1861, at Rock Creek Ranch on the Oregon Trail, in what is now Jefferson County, Nebraska, occurred an affray in which three men were killed. The character in the affray was James B. Hickok, otherwise known as “Wild Bill.” The fight was the starting point in a career which lasted until July 4, 1876, and made the name “Wild Bill” one of the most noted of the annals of the frontier West. This Nebraska history theme has been the subject of more misrepresentation than any other frontier incident. The restoration of the historical truth regarding it is the main purpose of the main purpose of this.

Read the full article here.

Note: the word Indian is used instead of Native American as it was the norm at the time.

1922 photo of Chimney Cliff near Rock Creek Ranch.

Become a Member!

Our members make history happen.

Join Now

You May Also Enjoy

She Didn’t Know She Was a Statue

She Didn’t Know She Was a Statue

Neligh Mill at 150

Neligh Mill at 150

1889 New Year’s Day Eclipse

1889 New Year’s Day Eclipse

About History Nebraska
History Nebraska was founded in 1878 as the Nebraska State Historical Society by citizens who recognized Nebraska was going through great changes and they sought to record the stories of both indigenous and immigrant peoples. It was designated a state institution and began receiving funds from the legislature in 1883. Legislation in 1994 changed History Nebraska from a state institution to a state agency. The division is headed by Interim Director and CEO Jill Dolberg. They are assisted by an administrative staff responsible for financial and personnel functions, museum store services, security, and facilities maintenance for History Nebraska.
Explore Nebraska
Discover the real places and people of our past at these History Nebraska sites.

Upcoming Events

View our new and upcoming events to see how you can get involved.

Become a Member

The work we do to discover, preserve, and share Nebraska's history wouldn't be possible without the support of History Nebraska members.

Latest Hall of Fame Inductee

The Nebraska Hall of Fame was established in 1961 to officially recognize prominent Nebraskans.

Listen to our Podcast

Listen to the articles and authors published in the Nebraska History Magazine with our new Nebraska History Podcast.

Nebraska Collections

History Nebraska's mission is to collect, preserve, and open our shared history to all Nebraskans.

Our YouTube Video Collection

Get a closer look at Nebraska's history through your own eyes, with our extensive video collections.

Additional Research Resources

History Nebraska Research and Reference Services help connect you to the material we collect and preserve.

Support History Nebraska
Make a cash donation to help us acquire, preserve, and interpret Nebraska’s history. Gifts to History Nebraska help leave a legacy and may help your taxes, too! Support the work of History Nebraska by donating to the History Nebraska Foundation today.

Volunteers are the heroes of History Nebraska. So much history, so little time! Your work helps us share access to Nebraska’s stories at our museums and sites, the reference room, and online.