Kills Enemy Alone [RG4946.AM]


RG4946.AM:  Kills Enemy Alone

Papers:  1889, ca. 1968

Paris, France; Pine Ridge Agency, S.D.:  Sioux Indian

Size:  1 folder


The collection consists of a letter written in a Siouan dialect by Kills Enemy Alone, a performer in Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show, while the show was in Paris, France in 1889. The letter is addressed to Little Whirlwind, Pine Ridge Agency, Dakota, Medicine Root. On the envelope in very faint pencil script is written: “taken from a dead Indian after the Battle of Wounded Knee.” Anthropologist Dr. John L. Champe had the letter translated in 1968. It is unknown how the letter came into his possession. The translation and an accompanying letter, along with some miscellaneous notes, are included.

4946am Kills Enemy Alone.pdf


Champe, John Leland, 1895-1978

Indians of North America

Kills Enemy Alone

Little Whirlwind

Siouan dialect

Siouan Indians

Wounded Knee Massacre


KFK   08-26-1997

11-04-2009   Revised TMM/tmm

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